1 The retractions came only months after BioMed Central.

But that move may not be enough, as the publisher Hindawi found out this past springtime. Although Hindawi doesn’t allow authors recommend reviewers for his or her manuscripts, it made a decision to examine the peer-review records for manuscripts submitted in 2013 and 2014 for possible fraud. The peer-review procedure found in Hindawi’s journals depends generally on the expertise of its editorial board members and the guest editors of special issues, who are in charge of supervising the overview of submitted manuscripts.5 Since the peer reviewers chosen by the guest editors weren’t subject to any kind of independent verification, editors themselves could undermine the procedure in quite similar way that authors or third-party agencies did elsewhere: by creating fake reviewer identities and addresses from which they submitted reviews that are positive endorsing publication.He was well and had not been getting intravenous immune globulin replacement therapy 13 a few months after undergoing HSCT. In the first 24 months of life, Patient 2, a woman born to nonconsanguineous Finnish parents, had recurrent otitis mass media, pneumonia, diarrhea, and three episodes of thrombocytopenia that spontaneously resolved. At 2. Almost a year afterwards, computed tomography of the chest showed a new pulmonary infiltrate . A lung biopsy exposed granulomatous inflammation with acid-fast bacilli. Mycobacterium avium was cultured from the biopsy specimen, and individual herpesvirus-6 DNA was detected.